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Investments vs Bank deposit: A comparison of two ways to save money

Updated: Jun 28

When considering ways to save and grow their money, many people wonder which is better: investments or a bank deposit. Both options have their pros and cons, and the choice depends on the investor's goals and preferences. Let's look at the main aspects of each method, considering the current inflation rate of about 5%.

1. Profitability

Investments: Investing in stocks, bonds, real estate, or startups can yield significantly higher returns compared to bank deposits. The average annual return on investments can vary from 5% to 20% and above, depending on the chosen instrument and market conditions. With a return of more than 5%, an investor can not only preserve but also grow their money, offsetting the level of inflation.

Bank deposit: Bank deposits offer a fixed interest rate, which is often below the inflation rate. In most countries, deposit interest rates are 1-3% per year. This means that with an inflation rate of about 5%, funds on deposit are effectively losing their purchasing power.

2. Risk

Investments: Investments come with certain risks. Market fluctuations, economic crises, and the wrong choice of investment instruments can lead to losses. However, with competent risk management and portfolio diversification, the likelihood of losses can be significantly reduced and profitability exceeding the level of inflation can be achieved.

Bank deposit: Bank deposits are considered one of the most reliable ways to save money. Depositors are protected by state deposit insurance systems, which ensure the safety of their funds even in the event of bank bankruptcy. However, the profitability of deposits rarely covers the inflation rate, which leads to a gradual loss of purchasing power.

3. Liquidity

Investments: Investments can have varying degrees of liquidity. Stocks and bonds can be sold on the stock market at any time, whereas real estate or venture capital investments may require a significant amount of time to exit. High liquidity allows for a quick response to market changes and protects capital from inflation.

Bank deposit: Deposits have a fixed term for holding funds. Early withdrawal may result in loss of accrued interest or penalties. However, some banks offer deposits with the possibility of partial withdrawal without loss of profitability. Deposit liquidity is limited by contract conditions, which can be a disadvantage in high inflation conditions.

4. Level of involvement

Investments: Investments require active management and analysis. The investor must be prepared to spend time studying markets, choosing instruments, and monitoring the portfolio. Financial consultants and management companies can help with this. Active management allows adaptation to economic changes and maintaining profitability.

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